Higher Order Thinking Skills

Being a learning and development professional I often think about application of knowledge in workplace. Blooms taxonomy wonderfully explains the stages of learning and how the knowledge can be helpful in different situation for application and creation.

Bloom’s Taxonomy was created in 1956 under the leadership of educational psychologist Dr Benjamin Bloom in order to promote higher forms of thinking in learning process, such as analyzing and evaluating concepts, processes, procedures and principles, rather than just remembering facts (rote learning). It is most often used when designing training, and learning processes.

  • Knowledge “involves the recall of specifics and universals, the recall of methods and processes, or the recall of a pattern, structure, or setting.”
  • Comprehension “refers to a type of understanding or apprehension such that the individual knows what is being communicated and can make use of the material or idea being communicated without necessarily relating it to other material or seeing its fullest implications.”
  • Application refers to the “use of abstractions in particular and concrete situations.”
  • Analysis represents the “breakdown of a communication into its constituent elements or parts such that the relative hierarchy of ideas is made clear and/or the relations between ideas expressed are made explicit.”
  • Synthesis involves the “putting together of elements and parts so as to form a whole.”
  • Evaluation engenders “judgments about the value of material and methods for given purposes.”

Keeping in mind these stages of higher order thinking skills we can use the knowledge more effectively in appropriate situations which leads to higher problem solving skills.